Why sigma is not symmetric positive semi-definite matrix?

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Houda
Houda on 22 Jul 2017
Commented: Houda on 22 Jul 2017
Hey everybody, I am runing the estimation of the model using Bayesian estimation, The problem is that the error is always about the sigma matrix, I tried another set of data but the same problem arises:
??? Error using ==> mvnrnd at 118
SIGMA must be a symmetric positive semi-definite matrix.
Error in ==> encompassing_estimation at 99
x = mvnrnd(zeros(1,npars),V,nsim);
Error in ==> encompassing_estimation_run at 31
[out,parnew,par,VarCov] = encompassing_estimation(nsim,newV,DATA); % To be used in the first
or final iterations
I checked for the sigma matrix which is "V" the inverse of the Hessian matrix is squared symmetric matrix.
Is there any solution?

Accepted Answer

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 22 Jul 2017
In R2016b, the eig algorithms changed, which made a difference for determining whether matrices were symmetric positive definite. The changes affected the boundary conditions, matrices that were on the verge of being positive definite or not positive definite to within round-off error during the computation (the abstract indefinite precision calculation might show the matrix as clearly positive definite.)
Some of what has changed with the eig algorithm has just been in updating to newer versions of the fast multi-threaded libraries (e.g., LINPACK) with newer optimization.
It is always risky to take the numeric inverse of a matrix: round-off problems can easily dominate.

More Answers (1)

Houda
Houda on 22 Jul 2017
Thanks dear Walter, in fact I am using Matlab R2010a, so do you suggest me to change to the R2016b version?
  2 Comments
Houda
Houda on 22 Jul 2017
This means that there is nothing to do, Thanks dear Walter have a nice day.

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