interpolate

Interpolate states along path from RRT

Since R2020b

Description

example

interpPath = interpolate(rrt,path) interpolates states between each adjacent configuration in the path based on the ValidationDistance property of the manipulator rapidly exploring random tree (RRT) planner rrt.

interpPath = interpolate(rrt,path,numInterp) specifies the number of interpolations between adjacent configurations.

Examples

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Use the manipulatorRRT object to plan a path for a rigid body tree robot model in an environment with obstacles. Visualize the planned path with interpolated states.

Load a robot model into the workspace. Use the KUKA LBR iiwa© manipulator arm.

Generate the environment for the robot. Create collision objects and specify their poses relative to the robot base. Visualize the environment.

env = {collisionBox(0.5, 0.5, 0.05) collisionSphere(0.3)};
env{1}.Pose(3, end) = -0.05;
env{2}.Pose(1:3, end) = [0.1 0.2 0.8];

show(robot);
hold on
show(env{1})
show(env{2})

Create the RRT planner for the robot model.

rrt = manipulatorRRT(robot,env);
rrt.SkippedSelfCollisions = "parent";

Specify a start and a goal configuration.

startConfig = [0.08 -0.65 0.05 0.02 0.04 0.49 0.04];
goalConfig =  [2.97 -1.05 0.05 0.02 0.04 0.49 0.04];

Plan the path. Due to the randomness of the RRT algorithm, set the rng seed for repeatability.

rng(0)
path = plan(rrt,startConfig,goalConfig);

Visualize the path. To add more intermediate states, interpolate the path. By default, the interpolate object function uses the value of ValidationDistance property to determine the number of intermediate states. The for loop shows every 20th element of the interpolated path.

interpPath = interpolate(rrt,path);
clf
for i = 1:20:size(interpPath,1)
show(robot,interpPath(i,:));
hold on
end
show(env{1})
show(env{2})
hold off

Input Arguments

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Manipulator RRT planner, specified as a manipulatorRRT object. This planner is for a specific rigid body tree robot model stored as a rigidBodyTree object.

Planned path in joint space, specified as an r-by-n matrix of joint configurations, where r is the number of configurations in the path, and n is the number of nonfixed joints in the rigidBodyTree robot model.

Data Types: double

Number of interpolations between each configuration, specified as a positive integer.

Data Types: double

Output Arguments

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Planned path in joint space, specified as an r-by-n matrix of joint configurations, where r is the number of configurations in the path and n is the number of nonfixed joints in the rigidBodyTree robot model.

Data Types: double

Version History

Introduced in R2020b

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