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Fibonacci even numbers. Code doesn't work for large numbers

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Maria K
Maria K on 11 Jul 2020 at 14:51
Commented: Maria K on 17 Jul 2020 at 12:36
I have writen a code to calculate for every d numbers all the fibonacci numbers that are even, but it doesn't seem to work for large d such as 100 or 150. Can you tell me what i did wrong? My code is this
function y = evenFibo(d)
%y = x;
fibonacci(1) = 0; fibonacci(2) = 1;
for i = 3 : d +1
fibonacci(i) = fibonacci(i-1) + fibonacci(i-2) ;
fibonacci = nonzeros(fibonacci);
even = [];
for i = 1 : d
if rem (fibonacci(i),2) == 0 == 1 %einai artios
even = [even, fibonacci(i)];
y= numel(even);


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Accepted Answer

John D'Errico
John D'Errico on 11 Jul 2020 at 15:05
Edited: John D'Errico on 11 Jul 2020 at 15:09
Why are you surprised?
ans =
You cannot represent an integer exactly in double precision if it is greater than 2^53-1. That appears to happen around n == 79.
ans =
So while there is nothing overtly wrong with your code, what is wrong is your assumption that you can use double preciion arithmetic to compute the result for large index.
If you seriously need to compute that result for larger indices, then you need to use a tool like the symbolic toolbox, or perhaps my own VPI toolbox, which can handle numbers with more than roughly 16 decimal digits. Or, you could write your own code, which might be less difficult than you may think. (Of course, I don't know how hard you think that is. This is indeed a conundrum.)
Finally, many such questions really don't ask to compute an actual sum, but they often ask for something like a remainder with respect to some given integer modulus. In fact, that is very doable in double precision arithmetic. In the case of your code, it seems you are actually computing and saving the numbers themselves, so it would not help here.

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