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shift matrix from a specific row

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negin tebyani
negin tebyani on 9 Feb 2018
Commented: KL on 9 Feb 2018
I have a matrix that I need to shift some rows according to a special number i, for example if i=3 I have to shift all rows from row 3 down because I have to add new elements to that row, so I should shift all the rows after this one (rows 1 and 2 have to stay the same.) for doing this I added a new row to my matrix with all elements of zero, and now I have to shift this row of zeros (which is the last row) to the i'th row. for example:
i=3
a=[1,2,3;4,5,6;7,8,9,10,11,12]
and I want to add b=[8,8,8] to the third row, so rows: 7,8,9 and 10,11,12 have to shift down. after adding row of zeros:
a=[1,2,3;4,5,6;7,8,9,10,11,12;0,0,0]
and then row 0,0,0 should be shifted to the third row which is 7,8,9 and row 7,8,9 should shift to 4th row and so on.. how can I do this in matlab?

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Accepted Answer

Geoff Hayes
Geoff Hayes on 9 Feb 2018
negin - if you want to insert b as the third row of a then you could just do
a = [1,2,3;4,5,6;7,8,9;10,11,12];
b = [8 8 8];
a = [a(1:2,:) ; b ; a(3:end,:)];
In the above, we just concatenate the first two rows of a (that is, a(1:2,:)) with b and then with the remaining rows of a to get
a =
1 2 3
4 5 6
8 8 8
7 8 9
10 11 12

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More Answers (1)

KL
KL on 9 Feb 2018
Pretty much the same answer as Geoff Hayes' but just with a handle,
add_row = @(ind,a) [a(1:ind-1,:); zeros(1,size(a,2)); a(ind:end,:)];
ind=3
a=[1,2,3;4,5,6;7,8,9;10,11,12]
b = add_row(ind,a)

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negin tebyani
negin tebyani on 9 Feb 2018
thank you for the answer
KL
KL on 9 Feb 2018
You're very welcome!

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