A fast way to quickly get set up and running with CFD simulations in Matlab is probably the FEATool Multiphysics toolbox where you can use the Matlab GUI to set up and solve your model (or command line if you are advanced user), see for example see this video tutorial:
You may also check out the QuickerSim CFD Toolbox for MATLAB. It is a third-party toolbox for solving fluid flows in the MATLAB environment. You can create heat transfer and fluid flow simulations in 2-D and 3-D, and reveive all parameters you asked about.
The toolbox provides the user with efficient CFD solvers and auxiliary (e.g. mesh-manipulation, preprocessing, and postprocessing) functions inside of MATLAB.
You can check out the free code or ask for a trial full verion here.