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I keep getting an error code on the last part of this code to convert some MNIST files to .mat form, does anyone have any ideas of what might be wrong.

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Here is the error
>> convert_mnist_to_mat
Error: File: convert_mnist_to_mat.m Line: 58 Column: 1
This statement is not inside any function.
(It follows the END that terminates the definition of the function
"read_mnist_labels".)
Here is the code.
% Function to convert MNIST dataset files into .mat format
function convert_mnist_to_mat(mnist_dir, output_file)
% Check if the directory exists
if ~isfolder(mnist_dir)
error('MNIST directory does not exist.');
end
% Read training images
train_images = read_mnist_images(fullfile(mnist_dir, 'train-images-idx3-ubyte'));
% Read training labels
train_labels = read_mnist_labels(fullfile(mnist_dir, 'train-labels-idx1-ubyte'));
% Read test images
test_images = read_mnist_images(fullfile(mnist_dir, 't10k-images-idx3-ubyte'));
% Read test labels
test_labels = read_mnist_labels(fullfile(mnist_dir, 't10k-labels-idx1-ubyte'));
% Save data into .mat file
save(output_file, 'train_images', 'train_labels', 'test_images', 'test_labels');
disp('MNIST dataset converted successfully.');
end
% Function to read MNIST image data
function images = read_mnist_images(filename)
fid = fopen(filename, 'rb');
assert(fid ~= -1, ['Could not open ', filename, '']);
magic_number = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
assert(magic_number == 2051, ['Invalid magic number in ', filename]);
num_images = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
num_rows = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
num_cols = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
images = fread(fid, [num_rows, num_cols, num_images], 'uint8');
fclose(fid);
images = permute(images, [2, 1, 3]);
end
% Function to read MNIST label data
function labels = read_mnist_labels(filename)
fid = fopen(filename, 'rb');
assert(fid ~= -1, ['Could not open ', filename, '']);
magic_number = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
assert(magic_number == 2049, ['Invalid magic number in ', filename]);
num_labels = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
labels = fread(fid, [num_labels, 1], 'uint8');
fclose(fid);
end
% Usage example
mnist_dir = 'C:\Users\gabep\Desktop\MNIST';
output_file = 'mnist_dataset.mat';
convert_mnist_to_mat(mnist_dir, output_file);

Accepted Answer

Cris LaPierre
Cris LaPierre on 29 Mar 2024
Edited: Cris LaPierre on 29 Mar 2024
You have written a function, but the final 3 lines of code are not inside a function. Try moving the final 3 lines of code to the top to create a script with local functions. You can read more about this here.
% Usage example
mnist_dir = 'C:\Users\gabep\Desktop\MNIST';
output_file = 'mnist_dataset.mat';
convert_mnist_to_mat(mnist_dir, output_file);
% Function to convert MNIST dataset files into .mat format
function convert_mnist_to_mat(mnist_dir, output_file)
% Check if the directory exists
if ~isfolder(mnist_dir)
error('MNIST directory does not exist.');
end
% Read training images
train_images = read_mnist_images(fullfile(mnist_dir, 'train-images-idx3-ubyte'));
% Read training labels
train_labels = read_mnist_labels(fullfile(mnist_dir, 'train-labels-idx1-ubyte'));
% Read test images
test_images = read_mnist_images(fullfile(mnist_dir, 't10k-images-idx3-ubyte'));
% Read test labels
test_labels = read_mnist_labels(fullfile(mnist_dir, 't10k-labels-idx1-ubyte'));
% Save data into .mat file
save(output_file, 'train_images', 'train_labels', 'test_images', 'test_labels');
disp('MNIST dataset converted successfully.');
end
% Function to read MNIST image data
function images = read_mnist_images(filename)
fid = fopen(filename, 'rb');
assert(fid ~= -1, ['Could not open ', filename, '']);
magic_number = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
assert(magic_number == 2051, ['Invalid magic number in ', filename]);
num_images = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
num_rows = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
num_cols = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
images = fread(fid, [num_rows, num_cols, num_images], 'uint8');
fclose(fid);
images = permute(images, [2, 1, 3]);
end
% Function to read MNIST label data
function labels = read_mnist_labels(filename)
fid = fopen(filename, 'rb');
assert(fid ~= -1, ['Could not open ', filename, '']);
magic_number = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
assert(magic_number == 2049, ['Invalid magic number in ', filename]);
num_labels = fread(fid, 1, 'int32', 0, 'ieee-be');
labels = fread(fid, [num_labels, 1], 'uint8');
fclose(fid);
end

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