Do you want to replicate that plot exactly, or just the general concept? If the former, I'd recommend looking at m_map, since it allows for a similar map border style, colormaps, etc. With the Mapping Toolbox, you should be able to get a close replica, though:
geoshow('landareas.shp', 'facecolor', 'none')
Both m_map and the Mapping toolbox include a variety of options for plotting projected raster data, but you'll have to download the desired terrain data prior to that.