## Compute Operating Points from Specifications Using Model Linearizer

You can compute a steady-state operating point of a Simulink^{®} model by specifying constraints on the model states, outputs, and
inputs, and finding a model operating condition that satisfies these constraints.
For more information on steady-state operating points, see About Operating Points and Compute Steady-State Operating Points.

To find an operating point for your Simulink model, you can interactively trim your model using the **Model
Linearizer**, as shown in this example.

Alternatively, you can trim your model:

In the

**Steady State Manager**. For more information, see Compute Operating Points from Specifications Using Steady State Manager.At the command line. For more information, see Compute Operating Points from Specifications at the Command Line.

In this example, you compute an operating point to meet state specifications. Using a similar approach, you can define output or input specifications. Also, you can define a combination of state, output, and input specifications; that is, you do not have to use, for example, only state specifications.

For more information on trimming your model to meet specifications, see Compute Steady-State Operating Points from Specifications.

### Open **Model Linearizer**

Open the Simulink model.

```
sys = 'scdspeed';
open_system(sys)
```

To open the **Model Linearizer**, in the Simulink model window, in the **Apps** gallery, click
**Model Linearizer**.

### Define Operating Point Specifications

In the **Model Linearizer**, on the **Linear
Analysis** tab, in the **Operating Point**
drop-down list, select `Trim Model`

.

In the Trim the model dialog box, on the **Specifications**
tab, you can define specifications for model states, inputs, and outputs.
For this example, click the **States** tab.

By default, on the **States** tab, the software specifies
both model states to be at equilibrium, as shown by the check marks in the
**Steady State** column. Both states are also
specified as unknown values; that is, their steady-state values are
calculated during trimming, with an initial guess specified in the
**Value** column.

Change the second state, the engine angular velocity, to be a known value.
In the **Known** column, select the corresponding row and,
in the **Value** column, set the value to
`180`

.

You can also specify bounds for model states during trimming. For this
example, constrain the first state to be between `0.5`

and
`0.7`

. To do so, enter these values in the
**Minimum** and **Maximum** columns,
respectively.

### Trim Model

To compute the operating point that meets these specifications, click
**Start trimming**.

The software uses an optimization search to find the operating point that meets your specifications.

The Trim progress viewer shows the optimization progress and that the
optimization algorithm terminated successfully. The **(Maximum
Error)** column shows the maximum constraint violation at
each iteration. The **Block** column shows the block to
which the constraint violation applies.

The trimmed operating point, `op_trim1`

, appears in the
**Linear Analysis Workspace**.

To evaluate whether the resulting operating point values meet the
specifications, in the **Linear Analysis Workspace**,
double-click `op_trim1`

.

In the Edit dialog box, on the **State** tab, the
**Actual Value** for the first state falls within the
**Desired Value** bounds, and the actual angular
velocity is `180`

, as specified.

The **Actual dx** column shows the rates of change of the
state values at the operating point. Since these values are near zero the
states are not changing, showing that the operating point is in a steady
state.

### Constrain State Derivatives

When you trim your model to meet state specification, you can also constrain the derivatives of states that are not at steady state. Using such constraints, you can trim derivatives to known nonzero values or specify derivative tolerances for states that cannot reach steady state.

For example, suppose that you want to find the operating condition at which
the engine angular velocity is 180 rad/s and the angular acceleration is
`50`

rad/s^{2}. To do so,
first open the Trim the model dialog box. In the **Model
Linearizer**, in the **Operating Point** drop-down
list, select `Trim Model`

.

In the **Steady State** column, clear the selection in the
corresponding row. Then, in the **dx Minimum** and
**dx Maximum** columns, set both state derivative
bounds to `50`

.

To compute the operating point, click **Start
trimming**.

In the **Model Linearizer**, in the **Linear Analysis
Workspace**, double-click `op_trim2`

.

In the Edit dialog box, in the second row, the **Actual
dx** column matches the **Desired dx**
column. Therefore, the operating point meets the specified state derivative
constraints.

After trimming your model, you can:

Linearize your model at the resulting operating point. For more information, see Linearize at Trimmed Operating Point.

Simulate your model at the resulting operating point. For more information, see Simulate Simulink Model at Specific Operating Point.