Main Content

find_system

Find systems, blocks, lines, ports, and annotations

Description

example

Objects = find_system returns loaded systems and their blocks, including subsystems.

example

Objects = find_system(System) returns the specified system and its blocks.

example

Objects = find_system(Name,Value) returns loaded systems and the objects in those systems that meet the criteria specified by one or more Name,Value pair arguments. You can use this syntax to specify search constraints and to search for specific parameter values. Specify the search constraints before the parameter and value pairs.

example

Objects = find_system(System,Name,Value) returns the objects in the specified system that meet the specified criteria.

Examples

collapse all

Return the names of all loaded systems and their blocks.

load_system('vdp')
find_system
ans = 15x1 cell
    {'vdp'                     }
    {'vdp/Constant'            }
    {'vdp/More Info'           }
    {'vdp/More Info/Model Info'}
    {'vdp/Mu'                  }
    {'vdp/Mux'                 }
    {'vdp/Product'             }
    {'vdp/Scope'               }
    {'vdp/Square'              }
    {'vdp/Sum'                 }
    {'vdp/Sum1'                }
    {'vdp/x1'                  }
    {'vdp/x2'                  }
    {'vdp/Out1'                }
    {'vdp/Out2'                }

Returns loaded systems and libraries, including vdp.

Return vdp system and its blocks.

load_system({'vdp','fuelsys'})
find_system('vdp')
ans = 15x1 cell
    {'vdp'                     }
    {'vdp/Constant'            }
    {'vdp/More Info'           }
    {'vdp/More Info/Model Info'}
    {'vdp/Mu'                  }
    {'vdp/Mux'                 }
    {'vdp/Product'             }
    {'vdp/Scope'               }
    {'vdp/Square'              }
    {'vdp/Sum'                 }
    {'vdp/Sum1'                }
    {'vdp/x1'                  }
    {'vdp/x2'                  }
    {'vdp/Out1'                }
    {'vdp/Out2'                }

Return the names of the loaded models, subsystems, and libraries. A subsystem name is returned only if the subsystem can be loaded independently.

load_system('vdp');
find_system('type','block_diagram')
ans = 1x1 cell array
    {'vdp'}

Return the names of all Goto blocks that are children of the Unlocked subsystem in the sldemo_clutch system.

load_system('sldemo_clutch');
find_system('sldemo_clutch/Unlocked','SearchDepth',1,'BlockType','Goto')
ans = 2x1 cell
    {'sldemo_clutch/Unlocked/Goto' }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Unlocked/Goto1'}

Search in the vdp system and return the names of all Gain blocks whose Gain value is set to 1.

load_system('vdp');
find_system('vdp','BlockType','Gain','Gain','1')
ans = 1x1 cell array
    {'vdp/Mu'}

Get the handles of all lines and annotations in the vdp system. With 'FindAll', the function returns handles regardless of how you specify the system to search.

load_system('vdp');
L = find_system('vdp','FindAll','on','type','line')
L = 19×1

   34.0052
   33.0052
   32.0052
   31.0052
   30.0052
   29.0052
   28.0052
   27.0052
   26.0052
   25.0052
      ⋮

A = find_system('vdp','FindAll','on','type','annotation')
A = 2×1

   36.0052
   35.0052

Find any block dialog box parameters with a value of 0 in the vdp and fuelsys systems.

load_system({'vdp','fuelsys'})
find_system({'vdp','fuelsys'},'BlockDialogParams','0')
ans = 

    'vdp/x2'
    'vdp/Out1'
    'vdp/Out2'
    'fuelsys/Constant2'
    'fuelsys/Constant4'
    'fuelsys/Constant5'
    'fuelsys/engine …'
    'fuelsys/engine …'
    'fuelsys/engine …'
    'fuelsys/engine …'
				.
				.
				.

Find all blocks in the top level of the currently loaded systems with a block dialog parameter value that starts with 3.

load_system({'fuelsys','vdp'});
find_system('SearchDepth','1','regexp','on','BlockDialogParams','^3')
ans = 4x1 cell
    {'vdp/Scope'         }
    {'vdp/Scope'         }
    {'vdp/Square'        }
    {'fuelsys/Nominal...'}

When you search using regular expressions, you can specify a part of the character vector you want to match to return all objects that contain that character vector. Find all the inport and outport blocks in the sldemo_clutch model.

load_system('sldemo_clutch');
find_system('sldemo_clutch','regexp','on','blocktype','port')
ans = 39x1 cell
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction...'                               }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction...'                               }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction...'                               }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Tin'                   }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Tfmaxs'                }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Break Apart...'        }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Break Apart...'        }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Break Apart...'        }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup...'             }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup...'             }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup...'             }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup...'             }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup...'             }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup...'             }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup...'             }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup...'             }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup FSM/lock'       }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup FSM/unlock'     }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Lockup FSM/locked'     }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Requisite Friction/Tin'}
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Requisite Friction/Tf' }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/locked'                }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/lock'                  }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/unlock'                }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Friction Mode Logic/Tf'                    }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Locked/Tin'                                }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Locked/w'                                  }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Unlocked/Tfmaxk'                           }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Unlocked/Tin'                              }
    {'sldemo_clutch/Unlocked/we'                               }
      ⋮

In this example, myModel contains a single subsystem, which is a library link. After the model was last opened, a Gain block was added to the corresponding subsystem in the library.

Open the model. Use find_system with 'FollowLinks' set to 'off'. The command does not follow the library links into the subsystem and returns only the subsystem at the top level.

open_system('myModel')
find_system(bdroot,'LookUnderMasks','on','FollowLinks', 'off')
ans = 

    'myModel'
    'myModel/Subsystem'

Use find_system with 'FollowLinks' set to 'on'. find_system updates the library links and returns the block in the subsystem.

find_system(bdroot,'LookUnderMasks','on','FollowLinks','on')
Updating Link: myModel/Subsystem/Gain
Updating Link: myModel/Subsystem/Gain

ans = 

    'myModel'
    'myModel/Subsystem'
    'myModel/Subsystem/Gain'

Provide the system to find_system as a handle. Search for block dialog box parameters with a value of 0. If you make multiple calls to get_param for the same block, then using the block handle is more efficient than specifying the full block path as a character vector.

load_system('vdp');
sys = get_param('vdp','Handle');
find_system(sys,'BlockDialogParams','0')
ans = 8×1

    3.0055
    4.0055
    8.0055
   13.0055
   14.0055
   14.0055
   15.0055
   15.0055

Input Arguments

collapse all

System to search, specified as the full system path name, a cell array of system path names, a handle, or a vector of handles.

Example: 'MyModel/Subsystem1'

Example: {'vdp','fuelsys'}

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: 'SearchDepth','0','LookUnderMasks','none','BlockType','Goto' searches in loaded systems, excluding masked subsystems, for Goto blocks.

When you use the find_system function, Name,Value pair arguments can include search constraints and parameter name and value pairs. You can specify search constraints in any order, but they must precede the parameter name and value pairs.

See Block-Specific Parameters for the list of block parameters.

Option to search block dialog box parameters for the specified value, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'BlockDialogParams' and a character vector or string scalar. This pair must follow the other search constraint pairs.

Option to consider case when matching, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'CaseSensitive' and 'on' for case-sensitive searching or 'off'.

Option to include lines, ports, and annotations in systems in the search, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'FindAll' and 'on' or 'off'.When this option is set to 'on', find_system returns a vector of handles regardless of how you specify the System argument .

Option to return only the first result and then stop the search, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'FirstResultOnly' and 'on' or 'off'.

Option to look inside a referenced subsystem in a model and list child blocks specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'LookInsideSubsystemReference' and 'on' or 'off'.

Option to follow links into library blocks, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'FollowLinks' and 'on' or 'off'. If you do not specify a system to search, find_system includes loaded libraries in the results, whether you set 'FollowLinks' to 'on' or 'off'. You can use 'FollowLinks' with 'LookUnderMasks' to update library links in subsystems. See Update Library Links in a Subsystem.

Option to include commented blocks in the search, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'IncludeCommented' and 'on' or 'off'.

Option to load any partially loaded models, specified as the comma-separated pair of 'LoadFullyIfNeeded' and 'on' to load models or 'off' to disable loading. Use this option, for example, to prevent load warnings.

Options for searching under masks, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'LookUnderMasks' and one of these options:

  • 'graphical' — Search includes masked subsystems that have no workspaces and no dialogs.

  • 'none' — Search skips masked subsystems.

  • 'functional' — Search includes masked subsystems that do not have dialogs.

  • 'all' — Search includes all masked subsystems.

  • 'on' — Search includes all masked subsystems.

  • 'off' — Search skips masked subsystem.

Option to treat search expressions as regular expressions specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'RegExp' and 'on' to treat search expressions as regular expressions or 'off'. To learn more about MATLAB® regular expressions, see Regular Expressions.

Option to restrict the search depth to the specified level, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'SearchDepth' and a positive integer character vector or string scalar. For example, specify '0' to search loaded systems only, '1' for blocks and subsystems of the top-level system, '2' for the top-level system and its children, etc. The default is to search all levels.

Options for searching variants, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Variants' and one of these options:

  • 'ActiveVariants' — Search in only the active variant subsystems.

  • 'AllVariants' — Search in all variants.

  • 'ActivePlusCodeVariants' — Search all variants if any generate preprocessor conditionals. Otherwise, search only the active variant.

Note

This search constraint applies only to variant subsystems. To work on all other variant blocks, use Variants MatchFilter option.

A Function handle to match elements in a search, such as blocks, system, lines, ports, and annotations. Use MatchFilter to determine whether the elements should be selected or skipped in a search.

Example: Use MatchFilter to find all non Inport and Outport blocks in a model using your own defined filter function, nonInOutBlocks:

blks = find_system('ModelName', 'MatchFilter', @nonInOutBlocks)
function match = nonInOutBlocks(handle)
match = true;

if strcmp(get_param(handle, 'Type'), 'block')
  blockType = get_param(handle, 'BlockType');
  if strcmp(blockType, 'Inport') || ...
        strcmp(blockType,  'Outport')
      match = false;
  end
end
end

This example shows how to use MatchFilter with second output argument prune.

 [match, prune] = fcn(element)
 where
  element - Handle of the block being processed.
  match   - Logical. If false, skip the element.
  prune   - Optional logical (default false). If true, do not look in subsystems.

Variants: Simulink provides Simulink.match.activeVariants and Simulink.match.codeCompileVariants match filter functions for variant blocks, which you can use to find active variants or code compile variant blocks. To do so, compile the model and apply the appropriate MatchFilter options:

  • Simulink.match.activeVariants - Matches blocks that are active in simulation after model compilation

  • Simulink.match.codeCompileVariants - Matches blocks that are part of generated code after model compilation

Example: Use Simulink.match.activeVariants option to find active variants in a model:

set_param(model, 'SimulationCommand', 'update');
activeBlks = find_system(model, 'MatchFilter', @Simulink.match.activeVariants);

Example: Use Simulink.match.codeCompileVariants option to find variant choices that are part of the generated C code:

 MODEL([],[],[],'compileForRTW')
 find_system(MODEL, 'MatchFilter', @Simulink.match.codeCompileVariants);
 MODEL([],[],[],'term')

Output Arguments

collapse all

Matching objects found, returned as:

  • A cell array of path names if you specified System as a path name or cell array of path names, or if you did not specify a system

  • A vector of handles if you specified System as a handle or vector of handles

Introduced before R2006a