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Convert Between Image Sequences and Video

Convert between video files and sequences of image files using VideoReader and VideoWriter.

The sample file named shuttle.avi contains 121 frames. Convert the frames to image files using VideoReader and the imwrite function. Then, convert the image files to an AVI file using VideoWriter.


Create a temporary working folder to store the image sequence.

workingDir = tempname;

Create VideoReader

Create a VideoReader to use for reading frames from the file.

shuttleVideo = VideoReader('shuttle.avi');

Create the Image Sequence

Loop through the video, reading each frame into a width-by-height-by-3 array named img. Write out each image to a JPEG file with a name in the form imgN.jpg, where N is the frame number.

| img001.jpg|

| img002.jpg|

| ...|

| img121.jpg|

ii = 1;

while hasFrame(shuttleVideo)
   img = readFrame(shuttleVideo);
   filename = [sprintf('%03d',ii) '.jpg'];
   fullname = fullfile(workingDir,'images',filename);
   imwrite(img,fullname)    % Write out to a JPEG file (img1.jpg, img2.jpg, etc.)
   ii = ii+1;

Find Image File Names

Find all the JPEG file names in the images folder. Convert the set of image names to a cell array.

imageNames = dir(fullfile(workingDir,'images','*.jpg'));
imageNames = {}';

Create New Video with the Image Sequence

Construct a VideoWriter object, which creates a Motion-JPEG AVI file by default.

outputVideo = VideoWriter(fullfile(workingDir,'shuttle_out.avi'));
outputVideo.FrameRate = shuttleVideo.FrameRate;

Loop through the image sequence, load each image, and then write it to the video.

for ii = 1:length(imageNames)
   img = imread(fullfile(workingDir,'images',imageNames{ii}));

Finalize the video file.


View the Final Video

Construct a reader object.

shuttleAvi = VideoReader(fullfile(workingDir,'shuttle_out.avi'));

Create a MATLAB® movie struct from the video frames.

ii = 1;
while hasFrame(shuttleAvi)
   mov(ii) = im2frame(readFrame(shuttleAvi));
   ii = ii+1;

Resize the current figure and axes based on the video's width and height, and view the first frame of the movie.

imshow(mov(1).cdata, 'Border', 'tight')

Play back the movie once at the video's frame rate.


Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type image.


Video of the Space Shuttle courtesy of NASA.