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Aitoff projection


Modified Azimuthal




Meridians: Central meridian is a straight line half the length of the Equator. Other meridians are complex curves, equally spaced along the Equator, and concave toward the central meridian.

Parallels: Equator is straight. Other parallels are complex curves, equally spaced along the central meridian, and concave toward the nearest pole.

Poles: Points.

Symmetry: About the Equator and central meridian.


This projection is neither conformal nor equal area. The only point free of distortion is the center point. Distortion of shape and area are moderate throughout. This projection has less angular distortion on the outer meridians near the poles than pseudoazimuthal projections


There is no standard parallel for this projection.


  • This projection was created by David Aitoff in 1889. It is a modification of the Equidistant Azimuthal projection. The Aitoff projection inspired the similar Hammer projection, which is equal area.

  • This implementation of the Aitoff projection is applicable only for coordinates that are referenced to a sphere. If you want to project coordinates that are referenced to an ellipsoid, using the projfwd or projinv functions, then create a projcrs object instead of a map projection structure. You can create a projcrs object for the Aitoff projection using the ESRI authority code 54043. For example: projcrs(54043,'Authority','ESRI').


landareas = shaperead('landareas.shp','UseGeoCoords',true);
axesm ('aitoff', 'Frame', 'on', 'Grid', 'on');
geoshow(landareas,'FaceColor',[1 1 .5],'EdgeColor',[.6 .6 .6]);

Introduced before R2006a