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How to get the FFT peaks from a non stationary signal

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John Navarro
John Navarro on 15 Mar 2021
Commented: Bjorn Gustavsson on 23 Mar 2021
Hello
I have a signal of 15 seconds with a sampling rate of 20KHz. I need a table with the location of the 3 highest peaks of the FFT, every 0.2 seconds.
I was planning to use the retime along iwht the findpeaks and fft command but retime only gives me one output and no multiple outputs.
I know this is basically what a short time fast fourier transform does but I am looking for other alternatives that allow me to see and extract changes in the FFT over time, as a table and not as a image.
If any one have a solution, suggestion or an alternative please let me know.

Answers (1)

Bjorn Gustavsson
Bjorn Gustavsson on 15 Mar 2021
What you seem to attempt is nothing but extracting peaks out of ffts from sequences of shorter time-span. That ought to be exactly the same as calculating the sft (with spectrogram or the like) and then extract the desired peaks from each time-window. You could have a go at instantaneous frequency, Hilbert-Huang-transform - but that doesn't sound like what you're interested in.
HTH
  2 Comments
Bjorn Gustavsson
Bjorn Gustavsson on 23 Mar 2021
You find a decent enough introduction here: Wikipedia: Instantaneous_frequency. It might be useful to you but my first answer seems more like what you are out after. Instantaneous frequency is most of the time tricky to use due to measurement noise since it is an outcome of a differential operation. In some instances I've managed to get something out of it after sufficient noise-reducing filtering.

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