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Navigate to Requirements in Microsoft Office Documents from Simulink

With Simulink® Requirements™, you can capture, track, and manage requirements in Microsoft® Word and Excel®. When you create a link from a model object to a requirement RMI stores the link data in the model file. Using this link, you can navigate from the model object to its associated requirement. You can only create and navigate direct links to requirements in Microsoft Word and Excel on Windows® platforms.

Enable Linking from Microsoft Office Documents to Simulink Objects

When you create a link to a requirement in a Microsoft Office document, you can insert a navigation object in the document. This navigation object serves as a link from the requirement to its associated model object. By default, the RMI does not insert navigation objects into requirements documents. You can change the settings to automatically insert the navigation objects when you create the link.

To enable linking from a Word or Excel document to the example model:

  1. Open the example Managing Requirements for Fault-Tolerant Fuel Control System (Microsoft Office).

    openExample('slrequirements/ManageReqsForFaultTolerantFuelCtrlSysMicrosoftOffice07Example')

  2. Open the model:

    open_system("slvnvdemo_fuelsys_officereq")

    Note

    You can modify requirements settings in the Requirements Settings dialog box. These settings are global and not specific to open models. Changes you make apply not only to open models, but also persist for models you subsequently open. For more information about these settings, see Requirements Settings.

  3. In the Apps tab, click Requirements Manager. In the Requirements tab, ensure Layout > Requirements Browseris selected. In the Requirements pane, in the View drop-down select Links. In the Requirements tab, select Link Settings > Linking Options.

    The Requirements Settings dialog box opens.

  4. On the Selection Linking tab of the Requirements Settings dialog box:

    • Enable Modify destination for bidirectional linking.

      When you select this option, every time you create a selection-based link from a Simulink object to a requirement, the RMI inserts a navigation object at the designated location in the requirements document.

    • To specify one or more keywords to apply to the links that you create, in the Apply this keyword to new links field, enter the keyword names.

      For more information about keywords, see User Tags and Requirements Filtering.

  5. Click Close to close the Requirements Settings dialog box. Keep the slvnvdemo_fuelsys_officereq model open.

Insert Navigation Objects in Microsoft Office Documents

Use selection-based linking to create a link from the slvnvdemo_fuelsys_officereq model to a requirements document. If you have configured the RMI as described in Enable Linking from Microsoft Office Documents to Simulink Objects, the RMI can insert a navigation object into the requirements document.

  1. Open the Word document:

    matlabroot/toolbox/slvnv/rmidemos/fuelsys_req_docs/
    slvnvdemo_FuelSys_RequirementsSpecification.docx
  2. Select the Throttle Sensor header.

  3. In the slvnvdemo_fuelsys_officereq model, open the engine gas dynamics subsystem.

  4. Right-click the Throttle & Manifold subsystem and select Requirements > Link to Selection in Word.

  5. The RMI inserts an URL-based link into the requirements document.

Link to Multiple Model Objects

If you have several model objects that correspond to one requirement, you can link them to one requirement with a single navigation object. This eliminates the need to insert multiple navigation objects for a single requirement. The model objects must be available in the same file.

The workflow for linking multiple model objects to one Microsoft Word entry is as follows:

  1. Make sure that the RMI is configured to insert navigation objects into requirements documents, as described in Enable Linking from Microsoft Office Documents to Simulink Objects.

  2. Select the Word requirement to link to.

  3. Select the model objects that need to link to that requirement.

  4. Right-click one of the model objects and select Requirements > Link to Selection in Word.

    A single navigation object is inserted at the selected requirement.

  5. Navigate to the model by following the navigation object link in Word.

Customize Microsoft Office Navigation Objects

If the RMI is configured to modify destination for bidirectional linking, the RMI inserts a navigation object into your requirements document. This object looks like the icon for the Simulink software:

Note

In Microsoft Office requirements documents, following a navigation object link highlights the Simulink object that contains a bidirectional link to the associated requirement.

To use an icon of your own choosing for the navigation object:

  1. In the Requirements tab, select Link Settings > Linking Options.

  2. Select the Selection Linking tab.

  3. Select Modify destination for bidirectional linking.

    Selecting this option enables the Use custom bitmap for navigation controls in documents option.

  4. Select Use custom bitmap for navigation controls in documents.

  5. Click Browse to locate the file you want to use for the navigation objects.

    For best results, use an icon file (.ico) or a small (16×16 or 32×32) bitmap image (.bmp) file for the navigation object. Other types of image files might give unpredictable results.

  6. Select the desired file to use for navigation objects and click Open.

  7. Close the Requirements Settings dialog box.

The next time you insert a navigation object into a requirements document, the RMI uses the file you selected.

Navigate Between Microsoft Office Requirement and Model

In Insert Navigation Objects in Microsoft Office Documents, you created a link between a Microsoft Office requirement and the Throttle & Manifold subsystem in the slvnvdemo_fuelsys_officereq example model. Navigate these links in both directions:

  1. In the slvnvdemo_fuelsys_officereq model, right-click the Throttle & Manifold subsystem and select Requirements > 1. “Throttle Sensor”.

    The requirements document opens, and the header in the requirements document is highlighted.

  2. In the requirements document, next to Throttle Sensor, follow the navigation object link.

    The engine gas dynamics subsystem opens, with the Throttle & Manifold subsystem highlighted.

Navigation from Microsoft Office requirements documents is not automatically enabled upon MATLAB® startup. Navigation is enabled when you create a new requirements link or when you have enabled bidirectional linking as described in Insert Navigation Objects in Microsoft Office Documents.

Note

You cannot navigate to requirements from Microsoft Word 2013 onwards when the document is open in read-only mode. Alternately, consider disabling the “Open e-mail attachments and other uneditable files in reading view” option in the Microsoft Word options or using editable documents.

When attempting navigation from requirements links with the icon, if you get a “Server Not Found” or similar message, enter the command rmi('httpLink') to activate the internal MATLAB HTTP server.