Threedimensional Structures of Magnetostatic Atmospheres. III. A General Formulation
Abstract
This paper presents a mathematical description of the threedimensional structures of static, magnetized atmospheres in terms of the electriccurrent flux surfaces. In the first paper of this series, a class of threedimensional magnetostatic states was presented. These states are characterized by electric currents flowing perpendicular to gravity which was taken to be either uniform in space or spherically symmetric about a point mass. A limitation of these solutions is that the magnetic field in general cannot have a net twist. The new formulation generalizes these solutions in two significant ways, namely, to allow for other general potential body forces than the special gravitational forces assumed in the first paper and to include the presence of a net magnetic twist. This theoretical development opens up opportunities in modeling realistic solar magnetic fields as well as other astrophysical magnetic fields. The obliquely rotating magnetosphere and selfgravitating magnetized plasma clouds are two astrophysical examples for which the governing equations are derived. The complete analytic solution to a specific problem is presented, which illustrates the anchoring of a fully threedimensional forcefree magnetic field in the solar atmosphere to the base of the atmosphere through a nonforcefree boundary layer where the magnetic field interacts strongly with the plasma. This and a rich variety of other threedimensional magnetic fields will be studied in the subsequent papers of this series.
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 March 1991
 DOI:
 10.1086/169829
 Bibcode:
 1991ApJ...370..427L
 Keywords:

 Electric Current;
 Magnetic Stars;
 Magnetohydrodynamics;
 Magnetostatics;
 Solar Magnetic Field;
 Stellar Atmospheres;
 ForceFree Magnetic Fields;
 Free Boundaries;
 Plasma Clouds;
 Stellar Magnetospheres;
 Three Dimensional Boundary Layer;
 Astrophysics;
 HYDROMAGNETICS;
 STARS: MAGNETIC;
 SUN: MAGNETIC FIELDS