Use these blocks for protection in your electronic, mechatronic, or
electrical power system.
A custom frequency-dependent transmission line model. The characteristic admittance and propagation function are first derived from the frequency-dependent resistance, reactance, and susceptance. The derived values are fitted using RF Toolbox™. The Universal Line Model (ULM)  is then implemented in Simscape™ based on the fitted parameters. The results from the frequency-dependent transmission line model and the classic pi-section transmission line model are compared.
How a fault may be applied to a MOSFET in a power converter in order to explore the operation of protection circuitry. After the MOSFET becomes faulted, the crowbar circuitry is activated in order to clamp the output voltage across the load and eventually to cause the fuse to blow.
A simple implementation of a sigma delta analog-to-digital converter. Inputs in the range 0 to Vref (=1V) are integrated and then reset, the time of integration as a proportion of the total integrate-reset period providing the measurement. Demodulation of the pulses is performed by a low-pass filter. The Asynchronous Sample & Hold block behaves like an edge-triggered D-type flip-flop, passing input U to output Y only on a rising edge of the clock. This model can be used to explore and understand the effect of op-amp impairments such as equivalent input noise on converter accuracy. To turn off the noise, open block Vn and select 'Disabled' for the noise mode.
A limited travel solenoid with return spring. Magnetic hysteresis is modeled using the Reluctance with Hysteresis library block.
Control and initialize a Synchronous Machine (SM). The test circuit shows the SM operating as a generator. The terminal voltage is controlled using an AVR and the speed is controlled using a governor.
Model a wye-delta starting circuit for an induction machine. When the supply is connected to the machine via switch S1, switch S2 is initially off resulting in the machine being connected in a wye configuration. Once the machine is close to synchronous speed, switch S2 is operated thereby reconnecting the machine in a delta configuration. The higher impedance seen by the supply when the motor is in wye configuration reduces the starting current, and causes less disruption to other connected loads.
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